Wednesday 24 May 2017 News Updated at 11:05 AM IST
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Samin Nosrat, New York Times, - Deccan Herald
Samin Nosrat, New York Times,
Fresh pasta for you
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Making pasta from scratch is the ultimate exercise in instinctual cooking. With time and a little effort, a dough made of just flour and eggs can take on many different forms. Here, we walk you through the basics of making dough, then rolling and cutting it into savory noodles.

Rolling the dough
The pasta-making process can be time consuming at first, so save it for a weekend. A pasta roller is a huge asset; it's worth buying one. Think of rolling by hand as an advanced technique: Once you've
developed a sense for working with the dough, you will have a much better
understanding of how it will respond.

Using a pasta machine: Most recipes give instructions for using a pasta roller. There's a good reason for that: It's more difficult to roll dough by hand. Even an inexpensive hand-cranked machine will save you time and frustration. When you're working with pasta, you'll also need all of your senses. You'll quickly learn that every batch is different, depending on everything from humidity and weather, to the type of flour and size of your eggs. If pasta threatens to stick, dust both the
pasta and the work surface with flour. If it's too dry, add another yolk.

And finally, though it can be hypnotising, resist the urge to watch the pasta as it comes out of the rollers. Instead, watch as it enters the machine, using one hand to ensure it goes in straight and doesn't ripple or overlap onto itself.

Rolling by hand: Before you begin, line three baking sheets with parchment paper and lightly dust with semolina flour. Set aside. Cut off 1⁄4 of the dough. Rewrap the remaining dough and set aside. Place the portioned-off dough onto a large lightly floured surface. Pushing out from the centre with the heel of your hand, flatten the dough into a circle. Next, use a long rolling pin to push the dough out from the center, without going all the way over the edge. Continue rolling outward, moving the dough a quarter-turn after each roll to preserve the circle. If the dough starts to stick, lightly dust it with flour and work quickly to prevent it from drying out.

When the dough is smooth and round, lay the rolling pin across the top of the circle from 11 o'clock to 1 o'clock. Wrap the shorter end around the pin and roll it a single turn toward yourself to create a tube. Rocking the pin back and forth, use your hands to pull the two edges of the dough away from each other, stretching the sheet until it's about the length of the rolling pin. Unravel the sheet, move it a quarter-turn and repeat the whole process until you've gone around the circle. If
necessary, repeat until the entire sheet is translucent, about 1⁄16-inch thick.

Cut the pasta into sheets, and dust lightly with semolina flour. Stack pasta onto the prepared baking sheets and cover with a clean, lightly dampened kitchen towel. Repeat with remaining dough.

Cutting noodles
Basic pasta sheets present many possibilities. You could use them in a savory lasagna or fill and shape them into ravioli or tortellini. But for bold results with minimal effort, cut your sheets into
noodles. To cut noodles with a pasta roller, run the pasta sheets, one at a time, through the cutting attachment, then toss with semolina flour. Fluff and separate noodles and pile into nests of single portions (about three ounces). Place on parchment-lined baking sheets dusted with semolina flour and cover until ready to use.

To cut noodles by hand, stack four sheets of pasta lightly dusted with semolina flour, then loosely roll into thirds lengthwise (like folding a letter). Cut with a sharp knife (in 1⁄2-inch increments for tagliatelle or fettuccine and 3⁄4-inch for pappardelle), until all the dough is used. Fluff and
separate noodles and pile onto parchment-lined baking sheets into three-ounce nests. Cover until ready to use.

Cooking & storing
Unlike dry pasta, fresh pasta must be just-barely cooked through. At first, the only way to know when the pasta is done is to taste it repeatedly, so stand by the pot, tongs in hand, and be vigilant. To cook pasta, bring heavily salted water to a rolling boil. For four servings, you'll want to use at least five quarts of water seasoned with 1⁄2 cup kosher salt or six tablespoons fine sea salt. Don't worry about how much salt it takes: Most will go down the drain. You just need a salty cooking environment to season the pasta.

Add the pasta. After about a minute, stir noodles with tongs or a wooden spoon to encourage them to separate. Pasta cooking water, full of salt and starch, is a gift. It seasons and thickens sauces and helps them cling to the pasta. Sneak out a cup or two before draining the pasta.
Fresh pasta cooks quickly, often in three or four minutes.

Cooked pasta should always be tossed with warm sauce - pesto, which is raw, is an exception - to ensure it is coated properly, so have your sauce warm and ready. To refrigerate, store your pasta in a single layer on a parchment-lined baking sheet. Cover with plastic wrap to keep it from drying out. Refrigerate for up to one night.

Basic fresh pasta dough recipe
Time: about 45 minutes, plus 30 minutes' resting
Yield: 4 to 6 servings
Ingredients
2 cups (256 grams)
00 or all-purpose flour
2 large eggs
3 egg yolks, plus more as needed
Semolina flour, for dust

  • Mound flour in the middle of a large, wide mixing bowl. Dig a well in the center of the mound and add eggs and yolks. Using a fork, beat the eggs and incorporate the flour, starting with the well's inner rim. The dough will start coming together in a shaggy mass.
  • Continue to mix dough using your fingers, pressing in any loose bits. If needed, add another egg yolk or a tablespoon of water to absorb all the flour. Once dough comes together, remove it from the bowl.
  • Transfer to a lightly floured surface and knead by hand for four to five more minutes until dough is smooth, elastic and uniform in colour. Wrap it in plastic and set aside for at least 30 minutes (and up to four hours) at room temperature. Line three baking sheets with parchment paper and lightly dust with semolina flour. Set aside.
  • Cut off 1⁄4 of the dough. Rewrap the rest, and set aside. Use the heel of your hand to flatten it into an oval about the same width as your pasta machine, about six inches. Set rollers to widest setting and pass dough through.
  • Continue rolling the pasta through the machine, moving gradually from the widest setting until you can just see the outline of your hand when you hold it under a sheet, about 1⁄16-inch thick for
  • noodles and thinner for filled pasta. (On most machines, you won't make it to the thinnest setting.)
  • Cut pasta into sheets, about 12 to 14 inches long. Dust lightly with semolina flour, stack on a prepared baking sheet and cover with a clean, lightly dampened kitchen towel. Repeat with remaining dough.

Notes
  • For an herbed pasta, stir in 1⁄2 cup finely chopped parsley, chives, chervil, tarragon or basil in any combination to the eggs before adding to the flour.
  • For whole grain pasta, substitute one cup sifted whole wheat, spelt or farro flour for one cup of the 00 or all-purpose flour. Add extra egg yolks or water as needed and allow dough to rest for one hour before rolling.
  • To make green pasta, steam or sauté six ounces (about six cups) baby spinach until just wilted.
  • Remove from pan and spread out in a single layer on a parchment-lined baking sheet. When cool, squeeze the leaves thoroughly, a palmful at a time, then chop roughly. Purée in a blender with two eggs and one egg yolk, then add mixture to flour.


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